IMF Warns of AI’s Impact on Global Job Market: 40% Positions at Risk

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The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has issued a significant warning about the impact of Artificial Intelligence (AI) on the global job market. In a recent report, the IMF projected that nearly 40% of jobs worldwide could be affected by AI, with this figure rising to 60% in advanced economies like the UK​​​​​​.

Reshaping the Nature of Work

Historically, automation and information technology have mainly impacted routine tasks. However, AI’s potential extends to higher-skilled jobs, bringing both risks and opportunities. While about half of the jobs in advanced economies could benefit from AI integration, enhancing productivity, the other half face the threat of AI applications executing tasks currently performed by humans. This could lead to lower labor demand, reduced wages, and, in extreme cases, job losses​​.

The Inequality Challenge

One of the major concerns is the exacerbation of income and wealth inequality. AI could lead to a polarization within income brackets. Workers adept at harnessing AI might see increases in productivity and wages, while others could fall behind. Younger workers may adapt more easily to the opportunities AI presents, but older workers might struggle with the transition​​.

Global Disparities

The impact of AI is expected to be less severe in emerging markets and low-income countries, with an estimated 40% and 26% of jobs affected, respectively. However, these regions might not have the infrastructure or skilled workforce to fully harness the benefits of AI. This raises the risk that AI could worsen inequality among nations over time​​.

Policy Responses and Preparedness

To address these challenges, IMF Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva emphasizes the need for comprehensive social safety nets and retraining programs for workers vulnerable to AI-induced job displacement. The IMF has developed an AI Preparedness Index to help countries assess their readiness in areas such as digital infrastructure, human-capital, labor-market policies, and regulation. Wealthier economies tend to be better prepared for AI adoption, but there is considerable variation across countries​​.

The Immediate Impact

Already in early 2024, the effects of AI on employment are becoming visible. Companies like Google and Paytm have reported layoffs, attributing some of these changes to the incorporation of AI tools. This underscores the urgent need for proactive global strategies to navigate the transformative impact AI is having on the workforce​​.


As the AI era unfolds, it is crucial for nations to establish policies that not only leverage AI’s benefits but also mitigate its potentially disruptive effects on the job market. The IMF’s warning and recommendations highlight the need for a balanced approach to ensure that AI’s integration into the global economy benefits humanity as a whole.

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